Gap Year Programs in Africa

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Africa is a vast, varied landscape. People have come to Africa for centuries seeking adventure and excitement, learning as much about themselves as they have about the exotic and diverse cultures they encounter. Africa is the perfect place for a gap year – an opportunity for self-discovery, for philanthropy, to learn, to teach, to explore, or to just be. The continent hosts some of the most beautiful and storied cities in the world, such as Cape Town and Cairo. Bustling and dynamic, you can find dance clubs, colorful markets, and friendly people.

Africa is also where you can find perfect peaceful silence, staring at the stars while on Safari or climbing one of the many stunning and isolated mountains. Whether you are tracking Black Rhino, teaching at a rural school, relaxing on the beach, or working with vulnerable street children, there is something for everyone and every dream in Africa.


The three most popular areas of volunteer work are teaching, working in community-based organizations (such as orphanages), and wildlife conservation. Teaching can be organized through a company, such as that offers projects in Malawi, Kenya, South Africa, Uganda, and Tanzania. (Be sure to do your due diligence on all of these companies!) Generally, you do not need any specific qualification to teach, only patience and enthusiasm.

There are many advantages to teaching: you interact with the local people and tend to have a great deal of autonomy but within the supportive environment of a school. African children (to generalize) really appreciate the opportunity to learn and are eager, well-behaved students. If you want a more specialized experience, such as sports coaching or teaching girls, you need to research those opportunities and even work directly with a school as opposed to going through a company. If you are acting independently, be sure that all of your expectations of the school are clear and in writing.


Working with a community-based organization (CBO) or with an orphanage can be extremely rewarding. This is an opportunity to work with the most vulnerable populations in a community and to really use your gifts and talents to make a difference. CBOs have diverse purposes and focus on areas including health, youth, micro-economics, the arts, human rights, and even agriculture. An example might be in Malawi. They welcome volunteers who stay on site and work with children at the orphanage. In exchange, they offer housing and food, as well as opportunities to travel within Malawi.

These types of opportunities require research and flexibility. It is always preferable to have a connection to an organization or a recommendation from a trusted contact. There are plenty of resources, including our own review of volunteer programs in Africa. As mentioned before, you can also use one of the many companies that will arrange a volunteer-ship for you, such as or .

Wildlife Conservation

Perhaps the most iconic African experience is the safari; you’re dressed head-to-toe in khaki, stalking the big-five (elephant, buffalo, lion, leopard, and rhino), snapping once in a lifetime photographs from your 4X4 vehicle. While safaris are amazing, there are ways to become more involved in the protection and promotion of these incredible creatures.

Many companies offer volunteer-ships that focus on wildlife conservation, including , which offers programs specifically designed for gap years, and . Again – do your research and find a company that is trustworthy with a good reputation! Volunteer programs often focus on a specific species or geographic region and provide a chance to gain valuable experience, a unique challenge, and the opportunity to learn from local experts.

And for those of you who want to be the experts, consider a program like that offers safari guide training and then a placement as a guide in a game park.

Cost of Living

There are several ways to think about organizing a gap year that will provide you with a rewarding experience and benefit those you’ve come to help. As mentioned before, there are many that will connect you with a reputable place to work for a few weeks or even as long as six months. These companies charge for their services, but (the good ones) ensure that you are in a safe environment that provides training and support. They will also organize your travel and help you with paperwork for visas, etc. Be sure that the company has an excellent reputation and references and watch out for those that sound too good to be true. If you are going through a company on an organized project, they can seem expensive but they will offer help with cost of living budgeting and some even include airfare.

There are also ways to go it alone. There are plenty of community-based organizations, orphanages, schools, and non-profits that would host a young international in exchange for work. Like the orphanage mentioned earlier, these are generally unpaid positions, but you can often negotiate housing and meals. You would probably be responsible for your own travel arrangements and visas. Contact the embassies of countries you will be visiting and find out their visa requirements. Most countries are strict about enforcing travel visas and you don’t want to be at a remote Zimbabwean border trying to bribe a guard with a Fanta. Cost of living varies from country to country, city to village. Factor in costs of transportation, food, accommodation, but always include a little extra for incidentals. Many people imagine that travel in Africa is cheap, but it can be surprisingly costly, so be aware.

Why Take a Gap Year in Africa?

This is the opportunity of a lifetime. Traveling in Africa is not for the faint-hearted or the timid; it takes an adventurous spirit and the ability to go with the flow. Follow the famous route across East Africa from Cairo to Cape Town or wind your way around the vibrant cities and lush countryside of West Africa, volunteer with vulnerable children or learn about cheetahs. Spending your Gap Year in Africa will change your life. You will come back having discovered so much about the world, about a diverse and incredible continent, about warm and vibrant cultures, but mostly, you will discover yourself.

Be safe and be smart – try not to travel alone, listen to the advice of locals and expats, and protect your valuables. Also, don’t walk around at night, don’t flash lots of cash or jewelry, and if you’re getting hassled, don’t be afraid to look someone in the eye and say ‘no’ in a firm voice. If something feels off to you, listen to your instincts. In general, Africa is a continent full or warm and generous people who are constantly looking for ways to be welcoming and helpful.

In terms of health, err on the side of caution. Get your vaccinations – there should be a travel clinic that can help you determine which you will need – and remember that several countries require a yellow fever vaccine, either for everyone entering the country or for those who are traveling from a country that has had a yellow fever outbreak. You can be refused entry if you do not have records of your vaccinations.

Malaria is a concern in Africa and your doctor can recommend the preventative medicine that is best for you. Sleep under a net when you can and wear long sleeves in the evening and at night. If you plan on swimming in an African lake, check to see if it has bilharzia – a microscopic parasite. It’s fine to swim but then you need to take medicine afterwards. In the big cities, you can drink the tap water, but bottled water is best if you are at all unsure. Stay away from meat markets on the side of the road – and mice on a stick – and wash produce before eating. But be adventurous and try local cuisine!

Contributed by Kate Evans

Showing 15 Programs

United States of America
Rustic Pathways
A gap year is not a one-kind-fits-all experience. That's why Rustic Pathways offers four unique types of gap semesters, rangi...
South Africa
This exciting new program crosses 4 southern African stunning countries, participating as a wildlife and community volunteer...
With 300 projects worldwide and 25 years experience providing volunteering and adventure travel placements, Frontier can find...
Carpe Diem Education
From the rolling hills of Tanzania's Southern Highlands to the sparkling blue waters of Zanzibar, the shores of the Nile Rive...
Where There Be Dragons
Senegal is a country of contrasts where new development occurs beside centuries-old traditions. The Muslim call to prayer sou...
United States of America
Thinking Beyond Borders
A gap year should be more than just travel or service. This unparalleled adventure is TBB's signature program. You'll live, e...
ARCC Programs
ARCC Gap East Africa explores the majesty, cultures and challenges of three East African nations: Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania....
Plan My Gap Year
PMGY offers 2-week to 6-month volunteering opportunities in the ancient capital of Kumasi. Volunteers get involved in a wide-...
South Africa
Xtreme Gap Year
If you want to explore one of the most exciting, beautiful and interesting countries in Africa, the Xtreme South Africa Exper...
Global Citizen Year
Global Citizen Year is a non-profit social enterprise forging a new educational pathway for emerging leaders. We offer an exp...
A Semester in East Africa means two and a half months of camping in the bush, exploring the wonders of Tanzania, developing l...
CIEE Global Navigator
Experience daily life in a land of more than 80 languages and 70 tribal groups as you provide education and mentorship for de...
South Africa
African Impact
African Impact gives you a fantastic opportunity to do meaningful conservation and community work in South Africa. In Cape To...
Volunteering Solutions
Volunteer in Kenya with one of Volunteering Solutions' great volunteer projects! Kenya, located in East Africa, is known for...
ISV (International Student Volunteers)
South Africa is renowned for its vigorous culture, sweeping landscapes and remarkable wildlife – but communities, children’s...